Tuesday, 8 October 2013

What is pitch ?

Music is made up of sounds that can be organized into three main elements; melody, rhythm, and harmony. These elements are passed from one musician to another by music notation, which allows a reader to precisely locate and reproduce any musical sound by means of a set of symbols that represent both the pitch of a note (relative sense of high or low) and its rhythm (placement in time). We will look first at the symbols that represent pitch.
The system for representing the pitch is based on assigning a different name to each note. These note names are the same as the first seven letters of the alphabet "A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A" and together are called the musical alphabet. In spite of the large number of notes that can be produced by musical instruments, only seven note names are needed because the eighth note, called the octave, has the same sound as the first, but higher in pitch and therefore uses the same letter name as the first note. The octave is both the end of the first set  of notes and the beginning of the next. Different instruments are capable of producing sounds in different ranges of pitch, some in many different octaves and some in only a few, but all of these pitches are notated with the same seven letter names.

Confuse what is octave ? see the chart below of musical alphabets and octave:-

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    A    B    C    D    E    F    G 
1     2     3     4    5    6    7     8/1   2    3     4    5    6     7  

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